As-Salam-u Alaiykum dear Muslims,
Today, I received a message asking for the references from Qur’an or Prophetic Traditions or the lives of Sahabah about a few ancient and unchallenged faiths of Ahl al-Sunnah wa-l Jama’ah. And the reason for this is the deviation of Ahl al-Sunah wa-l Jamaa’ah from Sunnah and Jamaa’ah.
In old days, no one was to object because we had Islamic education because we had educated scholars who were not only the students or professors of a subject but also the inventors of new subjects that were not known to the world before. Nowadays, we are deprived of educated scholars and those few we have are worthless as we do not knock their doors and ask their helps. Nowadays, we are far away from our books and those who read books are breaking our faith with their statements that are actually out of context. I have talked about two categories that are fooling Muslims in my previous post Fake Imposters.
The first question we are going to answer is the permissibility of Milad.
Before addressing this question, I would like to state that the Milad I am talking about and what is being talked about in the books is a different Milad as compared to the Milad which people celebrate. It is similar to the fact that the Salah we are commanded to perform is something different than the Salah Muslims offer today. But, we also have to keep in mind that due to the lack of knowledge in common people, we cannot criticize the thing itself. We need to only criticize the way which is wrong and we need to educate and correct common people.
I am just giving a brief answer so you can convince others that Milad is not wrong in itself. For more details, you can read the books of Dr. Tahir-ul-Qadiri, especially Milad-un-Nabi. I am just going to copy the text of one or two Ahadith and I’ll put only the references of other Ahadith. If you are saying that there is no such reference in those books then you might have read them, and if you have read them, you can easily access them. In case you say that you neither have any hard or soft copy of those books, if you are reading this article online, you can read those books online in many languages. There are many websites dedicated to only those books.
Q: Did Holy Prophet ﷺ done anything special for his birthday (Milad) or the birthdays of other Prophets? Is there any reference of it? Does any of the reference comes from Sahihain (Sahih Bukhari or Sahih Muslim)?
A: Yes. See the Ahadith below in which it is clear that Holy Prophet ﷺ used to fast on Monday and Thursday.
“… Holy Prophet ﷺ was then asked about fasting on Monday, whereupon he said: It was the day on which I was born. on which I was commissioned with prophethood or revelation was sent to me. ….”
The text above is from Sahih Muslim.
- Sahih Muslim, Hadith # 2740 (2nd volume, In the section of Fasting, Hadith # 253).
- Sahih Muslim, Hadith # 2741.
- Sahih Muslim, Hadith # 2742.
- Sahih Muslim, Hadith # 2743.
- Jami’a Tirmidhi, Hadith # 729 (narrated by Sayyida Ayesha ra) [Ahmed 175, Nisai 688, Ibn-e-Majah 739, Abu Dawud 449].
- Jami’a Tirmidhi, Hadith # 730.
- Jami’a Tirmidhi, Hadith # 731.
- Jami’a Tirmidhi, Hadith # 732 [Abu Dawud, 2432].
- Sunan Nisai, Hadith # 2192 (Sahih).
- Sunan Nisai, Hadith # 2193.
- Sunan Nisai, Hadith # 2364.
- Sunan Nisai, Hadith # 2366.
- Sunan Nisai, Hadith # 2367.
- Sunan Nisai, Hadith # 2368.
- Sunan Nisai, Hadith # 2369.
- Sunan Nisai, Hadith # 2370.
- Sunan Nisai, Hadith # 2371.
- Sunan Nisai, Hadith # 2372.
- Sunan Nisai, Hadith # 2373.
- Sunan Nisai, Hadith # 2378.
- Sunan Nisai, Hadith # 2399.
- Sunan Nisai, Hadith # 2423.
- Sunan Nisai, Hadith # 2424.
- Sunan Nisai, Hadith # 2425.
- Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith # 2419.
- Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith # 2420.
- Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith # 2426.
- Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith # 2429.
- Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith # 2430.
- Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith # 2431.
- Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith # 2445
- Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith # 2446
- Sunan Ibn-e-Majah, Hadith # 1740.
- Sunan Ibn-e-Majah, Hadith # 1741.
- Musnad Ahmad, Hadith # 5385 (volume 3, Hadith # 1170).
- Musnad Ahmad, Hadith # 8011 (volume 4, Hadith # 1190).
- Musnad Ahmad, Hadith # 12925 (volume 5, Hadith # 2365).
- Musnad Ahmad, Hadith # 16117 (volume 6, Hadith # 2520).
- Musnad Ahmad, Hadith # 20753 (volume 9, Hadith # 1823).
- Musnad Ahmad, Hadith # 20762 (volume 9, Hadith # 1832).
- Musnad Ahmad, Hadith # 20786 (volume 9, Hadith # 1856).
- Musnad Ahmad, Hadith # 20786 (volume 9, Hadith # 1866).
- Musnad Ahmad, Hadith # 20819 (volume 9, Hadith # 1889).
- Musnad Ahmad, Hadith # 21306 (volume 9, Hadith # 2376).
- Musnad Ahmad, Hadith # 21502 (volume 9, Hadith # 2572).
- Musnad Ahmad, Hadith # 21512 (volume 9, Hadith # 2582).
- Musnad Ahmad, Hadith # 23412 (volume 9, Hadith # 4482).
- Musnad Ahmad, Hadith # 23413 (volume 9, Hadith # 4483).
- Musnad Ahmad, Hadith # 23487 (volume 9 Hadith # 4557).
- Musnad Ahmad, Hadith # 23649 (volume 9, Hadith # 4719).
- Musnad Ahmad, Hadith # 25299 (volume 9, Hadith # 6369).
- Musnad Ahmad, Hadith # 25300 (volume 9, Hadith # 6370).
These were references for only the answers of first question. The topics that we have started are surely detailed topics about which scholars wrote dozens of books. However, we are trying to be as brief as we can.
Now, the new question that might occur in response to this answer is that how it satisfies that Holy Prophet ﷺ was celebrating his Milad? Milad means birthday. It clearly states that Holy Prophet ﷺ was born on Monday and so he used to fast on that day. Now, a person might say that he used to fast but he never used to celebrate. My question is that what do you mean by celebration and what do you mean by fast? Fast is not a punishment but a thanksgiving act. When we fast, we say to our Allah that we are thankful to Him. What are the prayers of Islam? They are all thanksgivings. Holy Prophet ﷺ said that Friday is an Eid for believers. What is an Eid? Eid is a celebration. What is special in Friday that makes it an Eid? The speciality is that the congregation is larger and we prepare for it better than we prepare in other days. In speciality, I’ve not talked about the traditions that tells us that the congregation of Friday was started by one of the ancestors of Holy Prophet ﷺ for telling people about Holy Prophet ﷺ.
Now, the questioner might say, “Ok! Milad is permissible but the way of Milad should be that which was adopted by Holy Prophet ﷺ. This new way of ‘Jashn-e-Milad-e-Mustafa’ is a bid’ah”. My first question is that please tell me what thing we do that is not allowed in Islam? Are Naats not allowed in Islam? If so, then why? Is it because poetry is not allowed in Islam? But we see that Holy Prophet ﷺ never stopped his companions from poetry after the arrival of Islam. In fact, Holy Prophet ﷺ used to order Hassan bin Sabit (ra) to stand on the pulpit and recite some poetry. Then, it would not be allowed because it is not the praise of Allah but the praise of Prophet ﷺ? Isn’t it your question now? If so, then just go and read any translation of Surah Al-Inshirah in whatever language you wish. Every sect translates verse 4 in the same meanings. For your ease, I am putting the translation of Shakir.
And exalted for you your esteem? (Surah Al-Inshirah, Verse 4).
So, now, is Milad really a bid’ah? For that, we need to ask a question that what do we mean by bid’ah and what do we mean by Milad? Do you know what is a bid’ah? A bid’ah is introducing any NEW act IN RELIGION FOR the sake of SAWAAB. So, the problem here is that Milad is also a new act introduced in religion for the sake of sawaab. So, is it a bid’ah? If you are talking about celebrating Milad only on 12th Rabi-ul-Awwal or making it compulsory, as it was started by king Muzaffer, then, yes, it is a bid’ah. But, if you just call the things I mentioned above as Milad, then, no, it is not a bid’ah. So, the problem is with definitions.
Now, people say that bid’ah is every new act introduced in Islam, whether it is good or bad. So, a good act is a good bid’ah and a bad act is a bad bid’ah. The prayer of Taraweeh is also a bid’ah. Hazrat Umer said, “نعمت البدعة هذه – This is a good bid’ah”. It is true. We cannot deny that. If you want reference, go and search in any Hadith software or any Hadith website or any Internet Search Engine. But, tell me one thing. Was Hz. Umar (ra) an Arab or a non-Arab? Definitely, he was an Arab. So, the question arises that does he used this word as we use it today or only in literary sense. We need to understand that Arabic was his language and he used to use the same words for different contemporary meanings. If we take this thing as a rule, then we also need to change many words like hadith, kufr etc. In Arabic, kufr is not only used for not believing in Islam. A woman complained Holy Prophet ﷺ that she do not like the kufr of her husband in Islam. What does kufr in Islam means? Here, it means ingratitude. Similarly, this word kafooran is used in the Holy Qur’an for ingratitude. So, “نعمت البدعة هذه” doesn’t means that good bid’ah is allowed in Islam. The Shafi’e people who use this term al bid’ah al hasanah, they use this term, under the light of this saying “نعمت البدعة هذه”, for those acts that were done in the time of Holy Prophet ﷺ and was later reenacted.
So, now, we can categorise Milad simply in two categories. Either it is a bid’ah or it is not a bid’ah. And, we have discussed above that Milad is not a bid’ah. The bid’ah is the way in which Milad is celebrated. So, it is celebration or is it the way of celebration which is wrong. So, we go to our next question.
Q: Do Islam allows us to celebrate?
A: Although I answered this question above but I want to give some references too.
First we will see in the light of Qur’an and then we will see in the light of Ahadith.
قَالَ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا أَنزِلْ عَلَيْنَا مَآئِدَةً مِّنَ السَّمَاءِ تَكُونُ لَنَا عِيداً لأَوَّلِنَا وَآخِرِنَا وَآيَةً مِّنكَ وَارْزُقْنَا وَأَنتَ خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ
Eisa, the son of Maryam, said, “O Allah, O our Lord! Send down to us a table spread from heaven, so that it may become a day of celebration for us – for our former and latter people – and a sign from You; and give us sustenance – and You are the Best Provider Of Sustenance.” [Surah Al-Ma’idah, Verse 114]
The day when food is sent from skies is day of rejoicing (EID); then the day when soul of universe Peace be with him was born must be the delight for the day of rejoicing.
Look what Allah has said:
وَأَمَّا بِنِعْمَةِ رَبِّكَ فَحَدِّثْ
And abundantly proclaim the favours of your Lord. [Surah Al-Duha, Verse 11]
Allah himself commemorating Milad in Holy Qur’an as we do in our gatherings, Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala Says in the Holy Qur’an:
هُوَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَ رَسُولَهُ بِالْهُدَى وَدِينِ الْحَقِّ لِيُظْهِرَهُ عَلَى الدِّينِ كُلِّهِ وَكَفَى بِاللهِ شَهِيدًا
It is He Who has sent His Noble Messenger with the guidance and the true religion, in order to make it prevail over all other religions; and Allah is sufficient as a Witness. [Surah Al-Fatha, Verse 28]
وَإِذْ قَالَ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ يَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ إِنِّي رَسُولُ اللهِ إِلَيْكُم مُّصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيَّ مِنَ التَّوْرَاةِ وَمُبَشِّرًا بِرَسُولٍ يَأْتِي مِن بَعْدِي اسْمُهُ أَحْمَدُ فَلَمَّا جَاءَهُم بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ قَالُوا هَذَا سِحْرٌ مُّبِينٌ
And remember when Eisa the son of Maryam said, “O Descendants of Israel! Indeed I am Allah’s Noble Messenger towards you, confirming the Book Torah which was before me, and heralding glad tidings of the Noble Messenger who will come after me – his name is Ahmed (the Praised One)”; so when Ahmed came to them with clear proofs, they said, “This is an obvious magic.” [Surah As-Saf, Verse 6]
لَقَدْ جَاءَكُمْ رَسُولٌ مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ عَزِيزٌ عَلَيْهِ مَا عَنِتُّمْ حَرِيصٌ عَلَيْكُم بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ رَؤُوفٌ رَّحِيمٌ
Indeed there has come to you a Noble Messenger from among you – your falling into hardship aggrieves him, most concerned for your well being, for the Muslims most compassionate, most merciful. [Surah Tauba, Verse 128]
لَقَدْ مَنَّ اللهُ عَلَى الْمُؤمِنِينَ إِذْ بَعَثَ فِيهِمْ رَسُولاً مِّنْ أَنفُسِهِمْ يَتْلُواْ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِن كَانُواْ مِن قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلالٍ مُّبِينٍ
Allah has indeed bestowed a great favour upon the Muslims, in that He sent to them a Noble Messenger (Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him) from among them, who recites to them His verses, and purifies them, and teaches them the Book and wisdom; and before it, they were definitely in open error. [Surah Aal-e-Imran, Verse 164]
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَاءَتْكُم مَّوْعِظَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَشِفَاءٌ لِّمَا فِي الصُّدُورِ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةٌ لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ ۔۔۔ قُلْ بِفَضْلِ اللّهِ وَبِرَحْمَتِهِ فَبِذَلِكَ فَلْيَفْرَحُواْ هُوَ خَيْرٌ مِّمَّا يَجْمَعُونَ
O mankind! The advice has come to you from your Lord and a cure for the hearts – and guidance and mercy for believers. Say, “Upon Allah’s munificence and upon His mercy – upon these should the people rejoice”; that is better than all their wealth and possessions. [Surah Al-Yunus, Verse 57/58]
And this is what we do, we celebrate; we rejoice; we do spend our money to show gratitude to Allah Almighty on his greatest mercy and Blessing i.e. celebrations of Milad-un-Nabi because Qur’an Says:
وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ إِلا رَحْمَةً لِّلْعَالَمِينَ
And We did not send you (O dear Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him) except as a mercy for the entire world. [Surah Al-Anbiya, Verse 107]
Abu Lahab was an uncle to the Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam). The event, which Imaam Qustulaani has referred to, is this. When a maid of Abu Lahab (Abdul ‘Uzza) named Thuwaibah informed him of a son being born to his brother Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him), he (Abu Lahab) was so delighted at herring this that he pointed his finger to her in a manner which signified her emancipation for carrying the good news to him But when the holy Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) declared his Prophet hood, he (Abu Lahab) did not accept him as a Prophet but became a most severe enemy to him and remained so all his life. In condemnation of him a whole Surah of the Holy Qur’an descended.
لَمَّا مَاتَ أَبُو لَهَب رَأَيْته فِي مَنَامِي بَعْد حَوْل فِي شَرّ حَال فَقَالَ : مَا لَقِيت بَعْدكُمْ رَاحَة ، إِلَّا أَنَّ الْعَذَاب يُخَفَّف عَنِّي كُلّ يَوْم اِثْنَيْنِ ، قَالَ : وَذَلِكَ أَنَّ النَّبِيّ صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وُلِدَ يَوْم الِاثْنَيْنِ ، وَكَانَتْ ثُوَيْبَة بَشَّرَتْ أَبَا لَهَب بِمَوْلِدِهِ فَأَعْتَقَهَا
After his death, people of Abu Lahab’s household saw him in a dream, and asked him how he had fared. To this, Abu Lahab said that after departing from them he did not meet with any good but was being given water every Monday from the finger with which he had indicated the emancipation of Thuwaibah, and this water lessened his torment.
1(a). Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 1, Page 153, Hadith No 5101, Kitaabun Nikaah, Publisher: Darul Fikr – Berut.
1(b). Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 7, Book 62, Wedlock, Marriage (Nikaah), Hadith 038
1(c). Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 6, Page 764.
2. Fathul Baari Sharha Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 9, Page 118 by Imam Ibn-e-Hajr Asqalani
3. Fathul Baari Sharha Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 9, Page 145 by Imam Ibn-e-Hajr Asqalani
4. Musannaf by Abdur Razzaq San’ani, Vol. 7, Page 478
5. Umdat al-Qaari Sharha Sahih al-Bukhari by Allama Badruddin Ainee, Vol. 2, Page 95
When the above Hadith came in Bukhari, no one can deny it. The worst thing comes for those who object is when the Hadith comes out from Sahihain (Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim). When they cannot deny the Hadith, they try to get something in its response. Now, they say that although there is no doubt in the Hadith quoted above but this is the act of Abu Lahab who was a Kafir. They are saying that celebrating Milad is an act of Kuffaar. If Abu Lahab’s one sentence against Holy Prophet ﷺ hurt Allah and he revealed Surah Lahab, just imagine how much angry would Allah be with those who say such things. However, we are not running from even answering this allegation. If a Kafir with whom Allah is too angry can enjoy the Mercy just because he, unintentionally, celebrated the Milad of Holy Prophet ﷺ, just imagine how much Allah will be Merciful on the person who celebrates the Milad of Holy Prophet ﷺ intentionally. Here, I would like to request those people who object to stop objecting on undeniable facts and just come in the Mercies of Allah, the Almighty. Do not earn the wrath and anger of Allah, the Almighty. Try to please him and accept him without asking any evidence. If you will go in evidences, you will never find the evidence of His Oneness and His Presence. On contrary, if you will come in His Mercies, He will bestow you such a knowledge that will clear every doubt and it will provide you every evidence for your faith.
As answering only one question came out with a huge post that is full of references, we will leave other questions for next time. Next time, we will try to answer other questions, in the same manner, with authentic references. Other questions were related to Khanqah, Darbar and Mazaraat. If you still have any question, feel free to post it in the comment box but, before that, be sure that your question do NOT get answer from this post.